Jargon Explained

We want everyone to engage positively and constructively with data protection rights and responsibilities. To do that, we try and present information and guidance in a relevant and accessible way. Although it is sometimes necessary to use legal terminology, we will use plain English wherever we can. Data protection is for all of us, not just for lawyers.
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C


Child

An individual under 18 years of age. Visit our children area for more information. 

Specific, informed and unambiguous indication of the data subject’s wishes by which the data subject, by a clear statement or by clear affirmative action, signified agreement to the processing of personal data relating to the data subject.

Controller

A person (individual or legal) that, alone or jointly with others, determines the purposes and means of the processing of any personal data.

Criminal data

Criminal data is any personal data about a person's: criminal activity; alleged criminal activity; investigations into that person; and legal proceedings involving that person.